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Criminal court proceeding

In Poland, there is a Criminal Law dated 6th June 1997 in force at the moment. It is a collection of regulations on the principles of criminal responsibility. It defines i.a. a crime, principle of responsibility for a crime, principles of degrees of penalties, principles of presenting criminal responsibility and also sets a penalty catalogue and other penalizing measures.

 
 
Criminal court proceeding
CRIME
A crime is a deed that is recognized as socially harmful, specifically defined (for example, battery or theft) and is subject to a penalty, pursuant to criminal law regulations.
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Who is a victim of a crime?
A victim of a crime is a person whose legal interest was directly infringed or threatened as a result of a crime
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IT IS IMPORTANT TO REPORT A CRIME!
If you have become a victim of a crime, it is very important to report it to the appropriate organs. If you do this, it is more likely that the violator will be caught, held responsible, and will not have the chance to hurt you or anyone else anymore. 
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When and how to report a crime?
If you become a victim of a crime, you can report this at the nearest police station or prosecutor. You can also contact the police via phone, call 112 or 997 or the free of charge number 0 800 120 226.
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What information should be included
in a report about committing a crime?
A report about committing a crime does not require any specific form. It can be reported orally or in a written form. It should include the following information:
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What should be included in a written report of a crime?
Contents of a report do not have to bear any specific structure. Simply write down on a sheet of paper exactly what happened and highlight that you are applying for holding the violators of the alleged crime criminally responsible.
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WHAT ARE PREPARATORY PROCEEDINGS
AND WHAT IS IT ALL ABOUT?
It is the first stage of criminal action. It is led by the prosecutor of the police. During this stage, the prosecutor and the police will be gathering evidence i.e. they will question witnesses, take photographs of a car accident scene, take fingerprints from a door handle to a flat which had been broken into.
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What are the rights of the victim
in preparatory proceedings?
What are the rights of the victim in preparatory proceedings?

In preparatory proceedings, the victim can:
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When and how do the preparatory proceedings end?
Preparatory proceedings are led in the form of an investigation or inquiry. Investigation is a form of leading preparatory proceedings only in cases about the most serious crimes.
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What can you do if a disclosure of proceedings was issued by the prosecutor, and you do not agree with their decision?
Jako pokrzywdzony posiadasz prawo
do złożenia zażalenia na postanowienie
o umorzeniu dochodzenia lub śledztwa
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PROCEEDINGS IN THE CRIMINAL COURT
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What are proceedings in the criminal court
and what is it about?
Proceedings in the court on criminal cases begin when an accusation is brought by the prosecutor (alternatively by another public prosecutor) to the court.
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What are the rights of a victim in a court?
In criminal proceedings in a court, a victim may play various roles: witness, auxiliary prosecutor, civil plaintiff. However, only as an auxiliary prosecutor or civil plaintiff are they granted the rights of a party to the event.
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How to prepare for a trial?
It is normal to feel unsure and anxious before the trial. It's a new situation which you are not used to. That is why it is important to prepare for it well. Staff of the Aid Centres for Crime Victims may help you with that.
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When and where to go?
If you receive a summons for a hearing at the court, you must appear at the place and time stated on the summons. Plan your arrival to court beforehand by checking exactly where the court building is and how much time you need to get there.
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What will happen if I don't show up for the trial?
No matter what, try to be in the court for your trial! Your presence is very important! Your knowledge about what happened is vital and may influence the judge's decision.
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Who can be present in the courtroom?
In most cases, trials are open, which means anyone can enter the courtroom and attend the trial. . 
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ACCELERATED AND SIMPLIFIED CRIMINAL PROCEDURES
There are exceptions to the principle of cognisance in a criminal case after holding an evidentiary hearing i.e. the so-called summary judgement, voluntary submission to penalty in pursuant to the article 335 of the Criminal Law or article 387of the Criminal
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ISSUING A VERDICT BY A CRIMINAL COURT
Issuing a verdict in a criminal case is preceded by a few procedural actions. These are: a ruling by the residing judge on closing the court proceedings, statements by the parties, and deliberation of the judges.
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